Sura in a screen capture from a video posted on 20 May 2019 (polarbearologist ursus maritimus)
Name: Sura (female)
Born: 22 November 2014 in Ouwehands Zoo, Rhenen, Netherlands
Father: Victor (deceased)
Siblings: Sprinter (male) born 2007, Sesi (female) & Siki (male) born 2010, Akiak (male) 2014 (Sura’s fellow triplet; a third cub died shortly after being born).
Current location: Ouwehands Zoo, Rhenen, Netherlands
History of captivity:
- Born in captivity in Ouwehands Zoo, Rhenen, Netherlands 22 November 2014 and still in situ
Sura is an Inuit name and means “new life”.
In June June 2020 Sura was implicated in the death of her younger sister Yura. The Zoo subsequently issued the following statement:
“On 11 June 2020, polar bear Yura died aged seven months from internal bleeding, presumably caused by her older, almost adult sister, Sura.
“Mother Freedom and her two cubs Yura and Yuka had been living with Grandma Huggies (Freedom’s mother) and Sura for several weeks. Sura is five years old and weighs almost 300 kg. In our extensive experience with breeding polar bears, we’ve had similar combinations of older and younger animals and it was never a problem. Sura and the cub played together regularly, always under the watchful eye of their mother and grandma.
“Once all the polar bears were together, Mother Freedom protected her cub more intensively than before. We didn’t know she was like that. In retrospect, this was already a sign something was wrong.However, when Sura started playing roughly with the much smaller Yura (65 kg) – we don’t think it was a deliberate attack – Mother Freedom stayed on the side-lines. She no longer defended her cub.
“We believe the autopsy results explain this behaviour. It shows that Yura had been suffering from a respiratory infection, but that she didn’t yet appear to have had any symptoms. Based on Mother Freedom’s behaviour, we suspect that she “knew”. It’s common knowledge that mothers sometimes don’t take care of newborn cubs if they know something is wrong. In this case, Freedom let “nature” run its course.”
Yuka, Yura’s male twin, was not hurt in the incident. We believe that this is a sad example of what can happen when polar bears are kept, and more significantly bred, in captivity.
Page updated 23 August 2020