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Throughout: We have used The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) for all taxonomic data on species and subspecies. 

ASIAN BLACK BEARS:
Page 30
: Galbreath, G. J., Hean, S. and Montgomery, S. M. 2000. "A new color phase of Ursus thibetanus (Mammalia: Ursidae)" from Southeast Asia. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 49: 107-111.

Page 34: Garshelis, D.L. & Steinmetz, R. (IUCN SSC Bear Specialist Group) 2008. Ursus thibetanus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
Servheen, C., Herrero, S., & Peyton, B. "Bears: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", IUCN/SSC Bear Specialist Group

Page 90: Some information from "Japanese black bear conservation", article on the WWF website.

Page 91: Some of the information on this page is taken from "Fauna of British India - Mammals Volume 2", R. I. Pocock (1941) pp 221/222.

ANDEAN (SPECTACLED) BEARS & SUN BEARS:
Page 8
& page 39: Some of the information on these pages is taken from "Bears of the World", Lance Craigshead, Voyageur Press, 2000.

Page 42: Fredriksson, G., Steinmetz, R., Wong, S. & Garshelis, D.L. (IUCN SSC Bear Specialist Group) 2008. Helarctos malayanus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>
"Human-imposed threats to sun bears in Borneo"
Meijaard, Erik in Ursus Volume 11 (1999), pp 185 - 192

GIANT PANDAS:
Page 47
& page 50: Some of the information on this page is from Garshelis, D.L., Ratnayeke S. & Chauhan, N.P.S. (IUCN SSC Bear Specialist Group) 2008. Melursus ursinus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>

POLAR BEARS:
Page 62
& page 65: "The Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus Biology, Management, and Conservation", published in 2003 as Chapter 27 in the second edition of Wild Mammals of North America. Edited by George A. Feldhamer, Bruce C. Thompson, and Joseph A. Chapman

Page 63: "Genomic Evidence for Island Population Conversion Resolves Conflicting Theories of Polar Bear Evolution" James A. Cahill,    Richard E. Green, Tara L. Fulton, Mathias Stiller, Flora Jay, Nikita Ovsyanikov, Rauf Salamzade, John St. John, Ian Stirling,    Montgomery Slatkin, Beth Shapiro. PLOS Genetics - March 2013, Volume 9, Issue 3.

AMERICAN BLACK BEARS:
Page 70
: California Department of Fish & Game (now known as California Department of Fish & Wildlife) "Black Bear Management Plan" (July 1998).

Page 76: Some information taken from "A Bear's Life" in SpruceRoots magazine -see http://www.spruceroots.org/

Page 77: "Black Bear Managment Report", Alaska Department of Fish & Game, December 2002.

Page 78: Some information from "Spirit bear factsheet", Province of British Columbia, 2006.

Page 83: "Land Mammals of Oregon", pp 373 - 376, Verts and Carroway, University of California 1998

Page 85: Hall, E.R. 1981. "The mammals of North America" 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons. New York. 1.181 pp.  (for map)

BROWN BEARS:
Page 97:  "Conservation Case Study of the Gobi Bear", Peter J Balint & Jennifer A Steinberg, 2003.  In D. Badarch, R.A. Zilinskas, and P.J. Balint, editors. Mongolia Today: Science, Culture, Environment, and Development. London, UK: RoutledgeCurzon, pp. 238-257.
"Mongolian Red List of Mammals", compiled by Emma L. Clark & Munkhbat Javzansuren, edited by S. Dulamtseren, J. E. M. Baillie,
N. Batsaikhan, S. R. B. King, R. Samiya & M. Stubbe.  Zoological Society of London 2006, pp 13-17.
Page 101
: Some of the information on this page is taken from the "Kodiak Bear Fact Sheet" of the Alaska Department of Fish & Game.

Page 102: Some of the information on this page is taken from "Land-cover change and the future of the Apennine brown bear: a perspective from the past", Alessandra Falcucci, Luigi Maiorano, Paolo Ciucci, Edward O. Garton & Luigi Boitani in the Journal of Mammalogy Vol. 89, Issue 6 (Dec 2008), pp 1502-1511.  Also from the website of the Parco Nazionale della Majello.

SLOTH BEARS:
Page 110:  Some information taken from Sanderson, I. 1972. "Living Mammals of the World". Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company and from  Ward, P., S. Kynaston. 1995. Bears of the World. London: Blandford.


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